- since July 2014 SIIC PhD Fellow
- 2005 – 2012 Master at the Institute of Journalism Dortmund (stipend of the Land NRW) Master thesis about media self-regulation in France: “Schiedsrichter ohne Pfeife – Chancen und Grenzen der Metaberichterstattung für politischen Journalismus in Frankreich“
Scientific work experience
- 2006 – 2012 student assistance and tutoring at the Institute of Literature and the Institute of Journalism at Technical University Dortmund
- since 2009 project staff member at Erich Brost Institute for International Journalism, e.g. DGPuK, MediaAcT, EJO, ERASMUS, MediaLab CampusXchange Ghana or Beyond Your World Tanzania
Work experience as a journalist
- since 2011 Freelancer with regular assignments at Handelsblatt Online
- 2003 – 2014 Freelancing for newspapers such as “Neue Westwälische”, “Ruhr Nachrichten”, “Welt Kompakt” and “Rheinische Post”
- 2007/2008 one year full-time journalistic training at regional daily “Neue Westfälische”
- 2003 – 2011 internships in different fields of media e.g. with the public broadcaster WDR, local radio stations or news agency dpa
- 2010 Trainee with the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Consulate General in Toronto, Canada (DAAD stipend)
- 2006 – 2014 Study and research trips to France, St. Petersburg, Cairo, Tanzania, Ghana, Brazil, Brussels, Warsaw, Oslo and Romania
- 2004 Intern at daily newspaper “Christchurch Star”, New Zealand
- 2002 and 2008 School (Lycée Jules Verne Nantes) and university exchange (IUT Tours) in France (both funded with a stipend)
“The understanding and practice of interpersonal vs. mass communicative media accountability instruments in journalism in Maghreb – A qualitative study in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia”
The future of journalism is less clearly resolved than ever before. Though losing its role as a gatekeeper with real-time technology changes, media’s role as a sense-maker in an erratic flow of information is more important than ever; its role in the democratic process indisputable. The need to keep media accountable, thus to monitor journalistic independence and quality will be greater. This accounts not only in the democratic societies of the West, but impacts also and possibly to an even greater extent on transition countries e. g. those in the Arab world. However, scholars have hardly examined the practice and understanding of media self-regulation in those countries.
Contrary the topic has shifted more and more into the focus of media research in the so-called Western world. Claude-Jean Betrand (1999) operationalized what he defines as media accountability instruments (MAIs) by developing a catalogue of those. The comparative research project MediaAcT furthered his concept and differentiates between established MAIs – e. g. press councils, ombudsmen, media journalism – and innovative instruments emerging online – e. g. weblogs, media-critical activities on social media, online correction boxes.
In countries with strongly controlled media systems in transition – such as many in the Arab world – the dissemination of information is understood to be a state not a public task and journalists operate under tight political constraints. We have to expect regimes that co-opt the concept of media accountability either as another means of control or to misleadingly promote it as their way to developing an independent media. While public debates are under rigorous governmental surveillance, naturally, system-internal MAIs gain more influence on journalists’ practice. This is why the here outlined research project suggests a distinction of interpersonal MAIs vs. mass- communicative MAIs. Also, in the Arab world traditionally oral sources of information often enjoy more credibility than written sources.
The scholar focuses on the three central states of the Arab Maghreb Union. Despite being in different stages of political development, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia have in common inter alia a strong relation to France. With resilient cultural, lingual, historical, political and economic concerns shared with France, the Maghreb region bridges a gap between the West and the Arab world – an initial starting point to extend the rather Western focused research on media self-regulation.
To analyze the understanding and practice of MAIs a representative number of qualitative interviews is planned to be conducted. In addition a smaller sample of news room observations aims to better understand how MAIs are experienced and evaluated in daily practice.